Allegory: When an abstract idea (for instance greed, envy, freedom, liberty, etc.) The English language, and the national anthem (God Save Our Noble King) and the British Flag (Union Jack) was promoted actively. He joined a secret society of the Carbonari. Answer : The ceremony held at Versailles in January 1871 proclaimed Kaiser William I of Prussia as the German emperor. Frédéric Sorrieu, a French artist, in 1848 prepared a series of four prints visualising his dream of a world made up of democratic and Social Republics. Covering both the study of animals in Zoology…, Most of your career choices are visioned upon your childhood dreams. Through the print, it was showcased that the Torch of Enlightenment is held by a female figurine one hand and the Charter of the Rights of Man in the other. According to Mazzini, the God had intended the nations to be the natural units of mankind. (b) He also introduced a system of uniform weight and measures and a system of common currency for the nation which helped the people in trade from one region to another. A new ‘British nation’ came through the propagation of English culture, the British flag (Union Jack), the national anthem (God Save Our Noble King), and the English language. The pre- British India was […] The Ottoman Empire was set up the Balkans region, comprising the most tensioned regions that were known for their internal reforms. Following the Germans are the Austrians and the people of the Kingdom of the Two Sicilies, Poland, Lombardy, Ireland, Hungary, England, and Russia. Question 67 : Explain any four changes brought about in Europe by the Treaty of Vienna . (v) The collection of local folklore was not just only to recover the national spirit, but also spread the message of nationalism among the illiterate people. (i) The Romanticism and cultural movements focused on emotions, intuitions and mystical feelings to create a sense of a shared collective heritage, a common cultural past of a nation. All these regions had their own cultural and political traditions. Question 14. Liberalism stood for freedom of markets. Question 32 : Explain any three beliefs of the conservatism that emerged after 1815. (c) freedom for only male members of society and equality before law. ‘something’ and helping you leverage it! He was sent to jail in the year 1831 because he was involved in a revolution in Liguria. Cavour, the then chief minister due to his tactful diplomatic alliance with France was able to defeat the Austrian forces in the year 1859. The process of unification of Germany was taken up by him with the help of the Prussian army and the bureaucracy. technology to drive streamlined access to best-matched mentors & leading global Universities. For middleclass people liberalism stood for freedom for individual and equality before law . Koramangala, Bengaluru, Karnataka 560034, Read Our Blog: Question 28 : Explain the process of unification of Germany. ‘Nationalism no longer retained its idealistic liberal democratic sentiments by the last quarter of the 19th century in Europe’. Answer : The decade of 1830s known as great economic hardships in Europe because of the following reasons: (a) H igh rise in population led to the unemployment condition and scarcity of jobs. As stated in the chapter on The Rise of Nationalism in Europe, during the 19th century in Europe, the sense of nationalism revolutionized the country, bringing radical changes in the political and societal scenarios. In the process of unification of Italy Cavour was helped a lot by Mazzini. The unified state of Germany had modern currency, banking, legal and judicial system. Question 31 : Describe the impact of the ‘revolution of liberals’ of 1848 in Europe. (b) Th e Catholics revolted under the leadership of Wolfe Tone against this dominance but were failed. Question 6 : Who was proclaimed the German emperor in the ceremony held at versailles in January 1871 ? Question 2: Name the treaty of 1832 that recognized Greece as an independent nation ? Question 56 : “The idealistic liberal-democratic sentiment of nationalism in the first half of the nineteenth century became a narrow creed with limited ends.” Examine the statement. The first print shows the people of Europe and America marching in a long train and offering homage to the Statue of Liberty as they pass it. Gradually, England grew in importance due to its rising wealth and power which resulted in expansion of her influence over the other countries in that region. 1. Answer : The unification of Britain was not the result of any revolution but it was a long drawn-out process. (e) He also introduced a common national currency that would facilitate the movement and exchange of goods and capital from one region to another. Class-10 » Social Science. Question 57 : Explain any five social and administrative reforms introduced by Napoleon in the regions under his control. https://leverageedu.com/blog/, Read Our Blog: https://leverageedu.com/blog/. (b) The idea of nationalism was spread abroad by the French army. These divisions were having their autonomous rulers. Explain any three reasons. ‘Vision of World’ by Frédéric Sorrieu. Catholic revolted against British but they were suppressed and Ireland was forcibly incorporated into the United Kingdom in 1801. You may find the chapter elaborative in the NCERT, thus, here we are with simple notes on the topic. Dec 01, 2020 - Previous Year Questions Chapter 1 - The Rise of Nationalism in Europe, Class 10, SST (History) | EduRev Notes is made by best teachers of Class 10. Answer : (i) Giuseppe Mazzini started initiative for the unification of Italy. It was so due to the following reasons: (a) Nationalism started becoming narrower in belief with inadequate ends. Question 16 : Name the female allegory of the German nation . Each power-Russia, Germany, England were keen to take hold on Balkans. Answer : The four changes that were brought in Europe by the Treaty of Vienna in the year 1815 were as follows: (b) Series of states were set up along the boundaries of France for the future prevention. During the rise of nationalism in Europe, Switzerland, Italy, and Germany were classified into cantons, duchies, and kingdoms, and each ruler had their autonomous territories. (d) freedom only for senior citizens. King Victor Emmanuel II took the charge of the unification of Italy after a series of failure of Mazzini. Transport and communication systems were improved. Share with your friends. After the defeat of Napoleon, the European government followed the spirit of conservatives. It was not before the end of the eighteenth century that it began to be used in the sense of national egoism, (cf. Leverage Edu helps students make career choice & university admission decisions, using simplified Question 21 : How did nationalism develop through culture in Europe ? Each one of us has got something unique enough to be successful; we believe in bringing you closer to that The first print demonstrates Europeans and Americans travelling and paying homage to the Statue of Liberty as they pass by. We hope this blog has helped you get familiar and building your concept for the chapter on the rise of nationalism in Europe. Therefore, Italy could not continue to be a patchwork of the small and fragmented states and kingdoms. (b) It was the figure of liberty with the red cap, the tricolor and the cockade. Liberal Nationalism stood for many things- individual freedom, equality before the law, representative government & constitution as well as the inviolability of private property. The English helped the Protestants to gain control over Catholic country. For example, Karol Kurpinski was able to develop the feeling of nationalist through his operas, music and folk dances. (b) Karol Kurpinski was able to develop the feeling of nationalist through his operas, music and folk dances. Despite rivalry, the concept of ‘nation-states’ was regarded as universal and natural. Plot No. Book an e-meeting with us! Question 40 : Explain any three features of the ‘nationstate’ that emerged in Europe in the twentieth century. A brief introduction of the French Revolution is also covered in this chapter, which brought major constitutional and political changes. The two features of this female allegory were: (a) This reflects the ideas of the people’s nation. A-258, Bhishma Pitamah Marg, Answer : The revolution of liberals of 1848 had a great impact in Europe. This resulted in the concept of the nation-state. Two underground societies were founded under him named the Young Italy in Marseilles and Young Europe in Berne. The English nation promoted their own British flag, national anthem and English language. In 1871, William I – the Prussian king – was declared the German Emperor. 4. (d) There was rise in the prices of food grains due to the bad harvest which made the condition of the common people miserable. Europe was devastated because Nationalism aligned with Imperialism. Support the statement with examples. The Rise of Nationalism in Europe showcases how artists from the 18th and 19th centuries represented nations as female figures and the country as a person. Liberal nationalism, also known as civic nationalism or civil nationalism, is a kind of nationalism identified by political philosophers who believe in a non-xenophobic form of nationalism compatible with liberal values of freedom, tolerance, equality, and individual rights. Leverage Edu Tower, Answer : The main aim of the Treaty of Vienna of 1815 was to reestablish conservative regions in Europe. Hence, Italy was unified in the year 1961 and Victor Emmanuel II was declared the king of united Italy. Liberals typically believe that government is necessary to protect individuals from being harmed by others, but they also recognize that government itself can pose a threat to liberty. Question 60 : How did culture play an important role in creating the idea of nationalism in Europe? Andheri East, Mumbai, Maharashtra 400069, Leverage Edu Bangalore, (ii) What did Liberal Nationalism Stand for ? Answer : The following are the ways through which a wave of economic nationalism strengthen the wider nationalist sentiments growing in Europe: (a) The demand for the unconstrained transfer of commodities and people. Check the below NCERT MCQ Questions for Class 10 History Chapter 3 Nationalism in India with Answers Pdf free download. Secret societies were set up in many states. (b) The French armies were able to spread the ideas of nationalism in other countries of the world after the outbreak of the revolutionary wars. The English parliament came into power in 1688 with England at its centre. Answer : The three features of the nation-state that emerged in Europe in the 20th century were: (a) There were intense rivalry among the nations due to expansion of trade and colonies. Question 18 : Describe any three economic hardships faced by Europe in 1830s . Question 29 : How had Britain come into existence? helping you find accommodation at the best prices. The Rise of Nationalism in Europe - Class 10: Germany, Italy and Switzerland were divided into Kingdoms - duchies and cantons. Answer : The measures and practices introduced by the French revolutionaries to create a sense of collective identity amongst the French people were: (a) The idea of La patrie and Le citoyen helped the people enjoying the equal rights under a constitution. The chief minister of Prussia (Otto von Bismarck) became the main architect in the process of unification of Germany. A series of wars took place during this period, and finally, the First World War took place. (c) They wanted the currency disparities to be balanced. Answer. Answer : The formation of Britain or the unification of Britain was a result of long drawn parliamentary process. Explain. NCERT Book Solutions For Class 10 History Chapter 1 Rise of Nationalism in Europe Free PDF. Leverage Edu is a one-stop-shop for all your career-related needs - right from finding the best-fit college to Three wars were fought with Austria, Denmark and France over seven years and defeated Austria, Denmark and France which finally ended with the Prussian victory and thus completed the process of unification of Germany. This led to a revolution in Brussels, inspiring Belgium to break free from the United Kingdom of the Netherlands. Question 33 : Explain any four economic hardship that Europe faced in the 1830s. (c) The distinctive culture and language was suppressed when the English nation grew in power. Political and Administrative Unity: One of the significant results of the British conquest of India was the establishment of a centralized state. French Revolution and Emergence of the Idea of Nation, the rise of nationalism in europe class 10 mcq, the rise of nationalism in europe class 10 notes, The Rise of Nationalism in Europe Class 10 Study Notes. Liberal Nationalism. Block A, Defence Colony New Delhi, Question 9 : What was the strong demand of the emerging middle classes in Europe during 19th century ? Answer : The three economic hardships faced by Europe in 1830s were: (a) High rise in population led to the unemployment condition and scarcity of jobs. For 7 years, Prussians fought 3 wars with Austria, Denmark, and France-which resulted into Prussia’s victory and it led to be unification of Germany. Answer : Earlier Italy was divided into seven states out of which the Italian princely house ruled only in the Sardinia-Piedmont region. (b) preservation of autocracy and clerical privileges. Hyslop, B., 1934, French Nationalism in 1789 According to the General Cahiers, and Kemilainen, A., 1964, Problems Concerning the Word, Concept and Classification). (d) New hymns were composed and martyrs were commemorated. Answer : The events of French Revolution which had influenced the people belonging to other parts of Europe were: (a) Jacobins clubs were set up by the students and the members of educated middle class after the news of the French revolution which affected the French army. Question 27 : Explain the process of unification of Italy. The liberal nationalism stands for: (a) freedom for the individual and equality before law. In 1830, Giuseppe Mazzini formed the Young Italy movement led by Chief Minister Cavour. Civic nationalism, also known as liberal nationalism, is a form of nationalism identified by political philosophers who believe in an inclusive form of nationalism that adheres to traditional liberal values of freedom, tolerance, equality, and individual rights. The conservatives were frightened with the Mazzini’s opposition to the monarchy system and his vision for the democracy. 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