stages of child development psychology

For example, research with primate models of FASD has demonstrated that the time during which a developing fetus is exposed to alcohol can dramatically affect the appearance of facial characteristics associated with fetal alcohol syndrome. As motor skills develop, there are certain developmental milestones that young children should achieve ([link]). Provide two other examples of how they might support the child during this stage. As mentioned earlier, the order in which children learn language structures is consistent across children and cultures (Hatch, 1983). During each stage, the pleasure seeking energies of the id drive for satisfaction based on a particular erogenous zone. If the child is displaying delays on several milestones, that is reason for concern, and the parent or caregiver should discuss this with the child’s pediatrician. After a few minutes, she returns to comfort her child. Compare and contrast the four attachment styles and describe the kinds of childhood outcomes we can expect with each. The program was canceled after 5 years, during which 42 women were arrested. Of course, the baby cannot derive its food from breastfeeding throughout the whole stage. Prior to this study, the medical and scientific communities generally thought that babies become attached to the people who provide their nourishment. After cooing, the baby starts to babble. Prepare a list of questions and concerns you may have and discuss these issues with your doctor, developmental psychologist, and other healthcare professionals who may be part of the treatment team. However, effective parenting styles vary as a function of culture and, as Small (1999) points out, the authoritative style is not necessarily preferred or appropriate in all cultures. In the United States, you are legally considered an adult at 18 years old. 5. It has been estimated that, 5 year olds understand about 6,000 words, speak 2,000 words, and can define words and question their meanings. While development tends to follow a fairly predictable pattern, there are times when things might go off course. Only small numbers of teens have major conflicts with their parents (Steinberg & Morris, 2001), and most disagreements are minor. Up until puberty, brain cells continue to bloom in the frontal region. Outdoor play allows children the opportunity to directly experience and sense the world around them. Some aspects of healthy aging include activities, social connectedness, and the role of a person’s culture. In the fetal stage, the brain and body continue to develop. These milestones are one of the main concerns of child psychology. When the infants heard their mother’s voice, they sucked more strongly at the pacifier (Mills & Melhuish, 1974). In her culture she is considered an adult. 7. Another aspect of positive aging is believed to be social connectedness and social support. Developmental stage theories are theories that divide child development into distinct stages which are characterized by qualitative differences in behaviour. At this age, children recognize their own personality traits as well as some other traits they would like to have. Describe some of the newborn reflexes. I wish I could be more talkative like my friend Alexa.”. Excessive maternal drinking while pregnant can cause fetal alcohol spectrum disorders with life-long consequences for the child ranging in severity from minor to major ([link]). At about 16 weeks, the fetus is approximately 4.5 inches long. development. Other scholars describe six stages of child development that include newborns, infants, toddlers, preschool, school age, and adolescents. An important cognitive change occurs in children this age. 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